Malcolm Gladwell wrote about underdogs, misfits, and the art of battling giants. The writer drew on nine stories to illustrate how seemingly disadvantages and hopelessness could result in positive outcomes. His story telling style was riveting and he had convincingly turned something on its head, like the inverted-U curve theory of too much of something can result in negative results. Take the example of class size. A smaller class size did not result in better learning environment for these students up to a point.
The writer also talked about being fiercely disagreeable and standing out among norms of the time can result in breakthroughs like in the medical field. You have to believe in yourself to do great things.
There are also advantages in being disadvantaged. Some people who are dyslexic may compensate for this disability with better listening skills and memory skills, based on the writer’s examples. They have turned disadvantages to advantages. The writer’s theory of desirable difficulty opened my eyes to these possibilities.